The learning of mathematics contributes to forming citizens capable of searching, organizing, systematizing and analyzing information to understand and interpret the world around them, develop in it, make relevant decisions, and solve problems in different situations using, in a flexible way, strategies and mathematical knowledge.
In this area, the theoretical and methodological framework that guides teaching and learning corresponds to the Focused in Problem Solving approach, which has the following characteristics:
- Mathematics is a dynamic, changing cultural product, in constant development and readjustment.
- All mathematical activity has as scenario the resolution of problems raised from situations, which are conceived as significant events that occur in different contexts.
- When raising and solving problems, students face challenges for which they do not know in advance the solution strategies. This situation requires them to develop a process of inquiry and social and individual reflection that allows them to overcome the difficulties or obstacles that arise in the search for a solution.
- The problems solved by students can be raised by themselves or by the teacher to promote, as well, the creativity and interpretation of new and diverse situations.
- Emotions, attitudes and beliefs act as driving forces of learning.
- Students learn for themselves when they are able to self-regulate their learning process and to reflect on their successes, mistakes, advances and difficulties, which emerged during the problem-solving process.
The competences developed in the course are:
- Solve quantity problems
- Solve problems of regularity, equivalence and changes.
- Solve problems of form, movement and location.
- Solves problems of data management and uncertainty.